U-space ? the European vision concerning UAV?s was born at the high-level conference in November 2016 in Warsaw. The outcome of the conference was the document called ?Warsaw Declaration?. It defines the environment of drones as a set of new services, appropriate technologies and new procedures, created to support the safe and effective access to the airspace for the complex unmanned air traffic. Those services are based on a high level of digitalisation and automatisation both on-board of UAV and on the ground.
U-space will provide amenities and regulations concerning all subjects included in the program and will guarantee an equal and fair access to the airspace for all users of the airspace. Eventually it will allow the complex UAV traffic to operate simultaneously with manned aviation, ensuring safety of operations and respecting people?s privacy.
The idea assumes the possibility of implementing essential modifications to keep pace with economical changes of the market, industry and business models along with the development of innovative technologies.
The aim of U-space is to ensure the safe integration of the manned and unmanned aviation by enabling and guaranteeing the smooth conduct of UAV flights in the all UE Member States.
- organizes a communication and cooperation space for the development of values ecosystem and chain by connecting providers and integrators of technology, clients, scientific institutions, self-governments and public administration, as well as financial institutions and investors;
- creates a space for the integration of entities in projects that create a market for the application of UAV technology;
- supports the gaining and development of competences in the area of unmanned and autonomous vehicles technologies.
Present activities, participation in CEDD
At the first stage of the CEDD functioning, till March 31, 2019, preparation works have been planned. They are aimed at the increase of awareness of the present and future market participants regarding the UAV technology safety and the benefits of their use as well as the preparation and launch of the prototype projects. The results of those activities will help to define the demand for UAV services and to create appropriate support instruments at the further stages of the program.
CEDD is open to all those who would like to participate in the projects or to present their initiatives.
Benefits of CEDD
Engagement of the aviation market regulator and the manager of the airspace ensures legal and operational safety of the activities, and the cooperation with the market ? a regular elimination of barriers for UAV use.
The concentration of activities in a certain geographic area facilitates coordination and the partnership with self-government institutions allows to include the local community in the creation of rules for the use of airspace and the conditions for the development of the new economy branch.
Activities carried out within the scope of CEDD will constitute a support for the testing of new solutions and for the development of UAV use.
creates conditions for prototype services with the use of UAVs and their gradual operational implementation. The prototype services are mainly meant for:
- environment protection;
the European vision concerning UAV’s was born at the high-level conference in November 2016 in Warsaw. The outcome of the conference was the document called „Warsaw Declaration”. It defines the environment of drones as a set of new services, appropriate technologies and new procedures, created to support the safe and effective access to the airspace for the complex unmanned air traffic. Those services are based on a high level of digitalisation and automatisation both on-board of UAV and on the ground.
U-Space Service Provider
a an entity that offers functionalities within of U-space for the drone user, no matter if for commercial, recreational or state usage. The selection of functions available will depend on the need of the interested subjects, like ATC, military, Police, SAR or private users. A wide range of functionalities will include communication channels, real time surveillance systems, tracking, advanced level of flight registration and electronical indentification, along with applications both informing about the airspace availability and allowing to plan the UAV operations. The idea of U space assumes that there will be at least a few U-space Service Providers in a geographical region.
PANSA UTM (Unmanned Aircraft System Traffic Management)
main and general system established for coordination and management of the UAV air traffic, the base and a crucial component of the future U-space infrastructure. UTM is planned to also provide the general information about UAV operators, airspace availability and possibility to commence the flight in the particular area, along with enabling the surveillance and management of drone operations. That includes ability to locate the UAV in real time and direct non-verbal communication between UTM and/or UAV operators. Polish Air Navigation Services Agency is responsible for the development and implementation of UTM in Poland. Operating in our country PANSA UTM will be connected with the network of local DTM’s (Drone Traffic Management).
Drone Trafiic Management (Services)
system for the local management of UAV flights in the particular volume of the airspace. There may be any number of local DTMs operating as a part of the one general UTM. Each of those can be regulated by individual laws and rules and provide different functionalites based on the purpose of the particular DTM. It means that different areas near the civil and military controlled aerodromes, uncontrolled airfields, urban areas or in the vicinity of strategical objects can be ruled by different assumptions and could require different U-space services.
DTM will enable the processing and managing the permissions regarding UAV flights and facilitate drones’ operations in real time. One of its components will be the non-verbal communication system between air traffic services, units in command of the particular airspace volumes and UAV operators, which will allow the quick change of permissions and flight requirements.
UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle)
commonly called drone – aerial vehicle that doesn’t require the presence of the pilot on-board to commence the flight. It is guided remotely by UAV operator or commences the flight automatically autonomously.